picture copyrightPA Media

picture captionTalks between Boris Johnson and Ursula von der Leyen failed to interrupt the impasse

The EU has revealed contingency plans in case of the potential collapse of Brexit commerce talks with the UK.

The plans goal to make sure easy UK-EU air and street journey, in addition to permitting the potential for fishing entry to one another’s waters.

They come after talks between UK PM Boris Johnson and EU chief Ursula von der Leyen aimed toward ending a impasse over the deal ended with out settlement.

The UK is because of cease following EU buying and selling guidelines on 31 December.

The UK left the EU on the finish of January this yr, however a transition interval of 11 months adopted to permit the 2 sides to attempt to negotiate a deal.

The fee mentioned the appliance of the proposed measures would, in some instances, rely on the UK reciprocating and accepting sure phrases.

The prime minister’s spokesman mentioned such a press release from the EU had been anticipated and it was just like what had been proposed in September 2019, including that the federal government had already set out its personal plans within the occasion a commerce deal couldn’t be reached.

The essential obstacles for an settlement proceed to be entry to fishing waters, guidelines about subsidising companies and the way any new deal can be policed.

media captionConfused by Brexit jargon? Reality Check unpacks the fundamentals.

The EU’s contingency plans

A press release by the European Commission – the EU government – revealed on Thursday mentioned there was at the moment “significant uncertainty” about whether or not a deal can be in place by 1 January.

“Our responsibility is to be prepared for all eventualities, including not having a deal in place,” Ms von der Leyen mentioned.

Some sectors can be disproportionately affected, the fee mentioned, including that it was proposing 4 contingency measures “to mitigate some of the significant disruptions” if a deal weren’t in place:

  • To guarantee the availability of “certain air services” between the UK and EU for six months, offered the UK does the identical
  • To permit aviation security certificates for use in EU plane with out disruption to keep away from grounding
  • To guarantee primary connectivity for street freight and passenger transport for six months, offered the UK does the identical
  • To permit the potential for reciprocal fishing entry for UK and EU vessels in one another’s waters for one yr, or till an settlement is reached

The fee additionally mentioned its affords on street and air transport would rely on the UK offering “fair and equal opportunities”, including: “A level playing field requires that, even after the end of the transition period, the United Kingdom continues to apply sufficiently high and comparable standards.”

The concept of stage enjoying area measures is to make sure companies on one aspect would not have an unfair benefit over their rivals on the opposite.

The EU needs the UK to stay significantly intently to plenty of its guidelines however the UK argues Brexit means breaking free from them.

media captionBBC Reality Check explains why the extent enjoying area issues in Brexit talks

The aviation plans would permit UK-registered carriers to maintain flying to and from the EU, the commerce physique Airlines UK mentioned, however they might not be allowed to fly routes inside the EU.

Industry group ADS known as the proposals “bare bones arrangements” that will nonetheless depart points to be resolved, together with over aviation security rules.

Reacting to the EU’s contingency plans, Boris Johnson’s spokesman mentioned the UK authorities would look “very closely at the details” and that negotiators had been “continuing to work to see if the two sides could bridge the remaining gaps”.

The spokesman added that the federal government “had been clear throughout it would not agree to anything that did not respect UK sovereignty”.

A conditional EU olive department

The European Commission has till now resisted calls from EU member states to publish these plans, partly as a result of it didn’t wish to jeopardise additional the already perilous commerce talks.

The considering was that the UK could view any EU contingency plans as fairly palatable and encourage them to pursue a path to no deal. Certainly, the proposal that planes and lorries would preserve transferring would seem to take away a component of drama from what occurs on 1 January.

And on fishing – such a totemic challenge within the wider talks – the message is that this could shield coastal communities within the face on rising uncertainty.

But dig deeper, and the EU olive department relies on the UK accepting key phrases, together with agreements on the more and more well-known “level playing field” – the very topic which is proving so divisive within the seemingly deadlocked commerce talks.

The UK authorities says will probably be learning the EU’s proposals however has reiterated its dedication to “take back control” – together with of its waters. The promise is that Britain would by no means settle for fishing phrases that contradicted its new standing as “an independent coastal state”. In the puzzle that’s Brexit, it might show arduous to seek out even a deal on how to deal with no deal.

The state of play with the talks

Negotiations on a commerce deal are persevering with, however Downing Street mentioned following Wednesday’s talks between Mr Johnson and Ms von der Leyen that “very large gaps remain”.

UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab mentioned it was “unlikely” the negotiations can be prolonged past Sunday, whereas Paymaster General Penny Mordaunt mentioned the UK was “working tirelessly to get a deal” however couldn’t settle for an settlement at any price.

Ms von der Leyen mentioned the EU was prepared to grant the UK entry to the one market “but the conditions have to be fair… for our workers and our companies”, including: “This fine balance of fairness has not been achieved so far. We will take a decision on Sunday.”

EU leaders shall be briefed concerning the talks at a summit in Brussels in a while Thursday, though Brexit is just not on the official dialogue agenda.

media captionUrsula von der Leyen: “Our negotiators are still working and we will take a decision on Sunday”

EU journey ban potential

Currently solely eight nations with low Covid charges are on the authorised listing totally free journey and there are not any plans so as to add the UK to that listing.

But EU member states have management over their very own border restrictions and will select to have their very own particular person journey corridors and permit British guests in.

Meanwhile, France’s minister for Europe, Clément Beaune, warned that visas is perhaps required for UK residents who plan to remain within the EU for greater than three months. But, he added, the matter was nonetheless being negotiated.