October 15, 2020
Older and Self-Employed – a Diverse Lot
Self-employed employees who’re 50 and older fall right into a hierarchy of kinds, a brand new examine finds.
The largest group is the 75 p.c who work independently in jobs like freelancer and gig employee. Their common earnings are low – $18,000 a 12 months – and they’re extra more likely to be girls or Hispanics.
The different 25 p.c of the self-employed older employees are primarily white males and are evenly divided between enterprise homeowners and managers who work on a contract foundation. These people are usually medical doctors, attorneys, or executives in industries starting from finance and development to retail.
To get a greater deal with on who is selecting self-employment and why, University of Michigan researcher Joelle Abramowitz analyzed 2016 survey knowledge from the Health and Retirement Study. These knowledge included not solely older employees’ employment standing but in addition particular details about their employers, industries, and occupations.
The self-employed account for roughly one out of 5 older employees, however the association is very common amongst boomers over 65 – a 3rd of the employees on this age group are self-employed.
Abramowitz’s analysis, funded by the U.S. Social Security Administration, finds a number of variety within the jobs the self-employed do and of their perceptions of labor.
The low-paid impartial employees dominate jobs like caregiver, cleaner, farmer, artist, and wonder trade employee. Many view themselves as “retired” and say they might moderately not work however apparently must complement their retirement earnings.
In distinction, the homeowners and managers are far much less more likely to see themselves as formally retired. Compared with the impartial employees, they earn significantly extra and are wealthier. The web worth of their monetary, housing and different wealth exceeds $1 million on common.
Their attitudes are completely different too. They are very engaged in work, placing in a full 40 hours every week, in contrast with simply 30 hours clocked by the impartial employees. And extra of the homeowners and managers count on to work previous 65 than the impartial freelancers and gig employees.
Regardless of the kind of work they do, all the self-employed individuals on this examine have a few essential issues in widespread. They are more healthy and way more glad with their lives than the older people who find themselves working straight for an employer.
This examine is a begin on understanding the dynamics of being self-employed late in life.
To learn this examine, authored by Joelle Abramowitz, see “New Insights on Self-employment of Older Adults in the United States.”
The analysis reported herein was derived in entire or partly from analysis actions carried out pursuant to a grant from the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) funded as a part of the Retirement and Disability Research Consortium. The opinions and conclusions expressed are solely these of the creator and don’t characterize the opinions or coverage of SSA, any company of the federal authorities, or Boston College. Neither the United States Government nor any company thereof, nor any of their workers, make any guarantee, categorical or implied, or assumes any authorized legal responsibility or accountability for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of the contents of this report. Reference herein to any particular business product, course of or service by commerce identify, trademark, producer, or in any other case doesn’t essentially represent or indicate endorsement, advice or favoring by the United States Government or any company thereof.