Covid-19 has accelerated a retail apocalypse years within the making.

Retailers have been purging their retailer base because the Great Recession. Even in spite of everything these closures, they nonetheless have too many doorways for present wants, particularly in a world the place much more shoppers—newbies, if you’ll, to on-line purchasing—have been pressured emigrate to digital commerce throughout the coronavirus pandemic.

And with clients staying residence in a world the place social distancing stays the mandate, retailers have even much less want for his or her mall-based shops. After all, why trouble when these places grow to be nonproductive as a result of foot visitors shortfalls. And for retailers who have been teetering on the monetary cliff initially of 2020, excessive debt ranges and nonexistent money move from short-term retailer closures actually didn’t assist. Fashion wasn’t precisely top-of-mind as shoppers initially shifted their focus to purchases of important objects. Even when shops reopened, restricted capability was only one problem. Many style companies had the incorrect merchandise as shoppers shifted their style focus to athleisure and extra snug attire.

As a outcome, retailers in 2020 have been pressured to realign their retailer community and cull doorways that now not match methods for 2021 and past, whereas these with an excessive amount of debt on the books had no alternative however to both shut down operations or file for Chapter 11 chapter court docket safety.

So the place are we now?

So far, there have been greater than 11,000 reported style retailer closures—11,060 to be precise—in 2020 by mid-December, and that’s only for the banners that made information. That whole surpassed the 9,300-plus shops that closed simply within the U.S. throughout all retail classes in 2019. And there are various different nameplates globally that haven’t been accounted for. If the forecast of 100,000 retail doorways that’s been projected to vanish by 2025 involves fruition, purchasing facilities and strip malls might look very completely different within the close to future. That’s very true if we get near the 20,000-25,000 shops which might be projected to go darkish this yr.

Here are the style retail and attire corporations that introduced retailer closures in 2020:


Number: 50 to 78

Backstory: Pointing to foot visitors challenges that won’t reverse course for a while, DSW’s mum or dad Designer Brands stated it plans a ten to fifteen % discount of its retailer base. With a present retailer community of 524 U.S. shops, that might imply closing 50 to 78 doorways. It additionally operates 145 shops in Canada.


Number: 234

Backstory: The ladies’s finances chain filed its Chapter 11 petition on Dec. 4 to promote the enterprise to TerraMar Capital. The firm operated 558 shops on the time of its submitting, however had already closed 137 shops final month. Days after its submitting, Francesca’s stated it could shutter one other 97 shops.

Abercrombie & Fitch Co.

Number: 7 flagships

Backstory: The specialty chain, which incorporates its teen Hollister model, started the yr with 15 tourist-driven places and following the onset of the pandemic determined to pare right down to eight flagship shops. As for its mall-based places, it has about 60 % of its retailer leases up for renewal over the subsequent two years, so much more places are more likely to shut.


Number: 133

Backstory: The firm stated it’ll shut 133 Naturalizer-branded shops by the top of fiscal 2020. On a convention name after reporting third-quarter outcomes final month, executives stated the model had been revamped and that this was a great time to exit some places as a result of these doorways have been tied to a now outdated positioning technique.

Furla USA

Number: 4, together with one outlet location

Backstory: The U.S. subsidiary of luxurious model Furla SpA noticed its wholesale accounts get impacted by the closure of nonessential retailers, in addition to a slowdown in shopper purchases at its shops. Luxury model have been hit arduous as tourism declined due to the pandemic. The firm filed its Chapter 11 petition to do away with leases and decrease its debt. Before the submitting, it operated six full-price freestanding shops and eight outlet places.

Chico’s FAS

Number: 63 to 88, together with 10 places in Canada

Backstory: The ladies’s specialty chain operates the nameplates Chico’s, White House|Black Market and intimates idea Soma. In November, it stated it closed 28 shops to date and deliberate to shut one other 25 to 50 places. The firm’s Canadian operations in August filed for chapter, in accordance with a regulatory submitting with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The chapter will lead to Chico’s exit from Canada, in addition to the closure of 4 Chico’s shops and 6 White|House Black Market doorways within the Canadian market.

Gap Inc.

Number: 350

Backstory: The firm’s three essential nameplates are its core Gap chain, Banana Republic and Old Navy. In October, it stated it could shut 220 Gap shops and 130 Banana Republic places by 2023. The plan is to have 200 shops closed by the top of this yr and one other 75 places in 2021. The steadiness of the focused places will shut by the top of fiscal yr 2023.


Number: 200

The youngsters’s attire chain is closing no less than 200 doorways, or 25 % of its retailer fleet. About 60 % shall be shut by the top of 2021, and 80 % by the top of 2022.

Century 21

Number: 13

Backstory: This off-pricer has been a long-time fan favourite of New Yorkers and vacationers. The retailer stated it was pressured to close down operations after insurance coverage suppliers elected to not pay $175 million beneath insurance policies to guard in opposition to enterprise disruptions throughout the pandemic. The retailer operated 13 shops.

American Eagle Outfitters

Number: 40 to 50

Backstory: The firm, which additionally operates the Aerie intimates nameplate, plans to shutter 40 to 50 places for the yr, with about 250 leases set to run out. It additionally has one other 250 retailer leases that can come up for renewal subsequent yr, which implies that extra retailer closures might be on the agenda in 2021.

Stein Mart

Number: 281

Backstory: The 281-door division retailer operator had already let go of most of its staff when it filed for Chapter 11 chapter court docket safety. It had been on the watch record of credit score analysts for numerous years. The firm’s mental property property have been bought to Retail Ecommerce Ventures for $6 million, an organization that specialised in asset-light operations by proudly owning retail enterprise that promote on-line solely. Recent acquisitions embody Dressbarn and Pier 1.

Rent the Runway

Number: 5

Backstory: The firm in August stated it could shut its 5 retailer places to give attention to on-line operations. It additionally plans to extend the variety of drop-off places.

Frye Company

Number: 16

Backstory: The firm stated it was closing all 16 shops, selecting to give attention to its digital enterprise.

Tailored Brands

Number: 500

Backstory: Too a lot debt on the books from its $1.8 billion acquisition of competitor Jos. A. Banks Clothiers Inc. in 2014 was an enormous downside, exacerbated by a scarcity of money move when shops closed briefly to assist curb the unfold of Covid. The plan was to shut as much as 500 shops, leaving it with a retailer base of 775 doorways. The firm exited chapter on Dec. 1.

Nearly 11,000 fashion-related stores are closing, but the total retail doors has surpassed 14,494 when including other retail categories.

Former Ann Taylor mum or dad Ascena Retail Group closed 1.623 doorways throughout a number of banners when it filed its Chapter 11 petition.

Ascena Retail Group

Number: 1,623

Backstory: The firm had been struggling for a number of quarters, and had already bought a majority stake in Maurices and accomplished a wind-down of its Dress Barn operations. It denied that chapter was even being thought of, however then the affect of Covid and obligatory retailer closures ended up pushing the corporate into Chapter 11. At the time, the corporate stated it could shut 1,600 doorways, with many places related to its determination to shutter its plus-size Catherines nameplate. Ascena later closed 23 extra Justice doorways.

The firm has since bought its nameplates Catherines to FullBeauty Brands Operations LLC for $40.8 million in September and Justice to Bluestar Alliance for $90 million in November. On Dec. 8, the chapter court docket gave its approval for Ascena to promote its remaining manufacturers—Ann Taylor, Loft, Lane Bryant and Lou & Grey—to personal fairness agency Sycamore Partners for $540 million.

Coldwater Creek

Number: 13

Backstory: The ladies’s chain filed its Chapter 11 petition in Delaware, and was later acquired in September by Newtimes Group for $12.2 million. It’s 13 shops closed as a result of Covid in mid-March and by no means reopened. The on-line website was relaunched on Dec. 17.

RTW Retailwinds Inc.

Number: 378, together with outlet places

Backstory: The firm, which operates ladies’s attire chains beneath the nameplates New York & Co., Fashion to Figure and Happy x Nature, filed a voluntary Chapter 11 petition for chapter court docket safety in 2020. Saadia Group acquired the New York & Co. and Fashion to Figure nameplates for $40 million, and can function them solely as on-line companies.

Heritage Brands Outlet Stores

Number: 162

Backstory: PVH Corp. operates the outlet shops for its Van Heusen, Izod, Arrow, Warner’s, Olga and Geoffrey Beene manufacturers. The firm in July stated it could shut all places.

Brooks Brothers

Number: 51

Backstory: The storied vendor of American attire and equipment filed for chapter court docket safety in July, and was acquired a month later by a three way partnership between Simon Property Group and Authentic Brands Group for $305 million.

J. Jill

Number: 11

Backstory: The ladies’s specialty chain stated in July that it could shut 11 places, with plans to have 275 doorways by the top of the yr.


Number: 420, with 170 places to shut in 2020 and 250 in 2021

Backstory: The Swedish fast-fashion chain determined to extend the variety of shops it plans to shut to 170 from 130 after posting a 23 % drop in first-half revenues, and in October stated it could shutter 250 doorways in 2021. But the 250 places signify simply 6 % of whole doorways.

Lucky Brand Dungarees

Number: 200

Backstory: The firm closed the shops as a part of its Chapter 11 restructuring. The model was later acquired out of chapter by Sparc, a three way partnership between model administration agency Authentic Brands Group and mall operator Simon Property Group.

G-Star Raw

Number: 57

Backstory: The denim style model, based mostly in Los Angeles, discovered its enterprise disrupted by the Covid pandemic and filed for chapter safety so its might reassess and restructure its retailer portfolio. It’s chapter submitting in Australia noticed the shutdown of all 57 shops in August after failing to discover a purchaser.

Michael Kors

Number: 170

Backstory: Capri Holdings Ltd., which additionally owns the Versace and Jimmy Choo manufacturers, is rightsizing its Kors retailer base over the subsequent two years.

The Children’s Place

Number: 300

Backstory: The retailer closures are projected to be accomplished by the top of fiscal yr 2021, though 200 of these doorways are anticipated to happen within the present fiscal yr, because the retailer locations a better give attention to digital commerce. The steadiness of 100 doorways will shut in 2021.

TM Lewin

Number: 71, comprised of 66 doorways within the U.Ok. and 5 in Australia

Backstory: The firm fell into administration on June 30 and shuttered all shops.


Number: 100 shops globally, primarily throughout North America and China

Backstory: Sales productiveness throughout its retailer community has fallen throughout the pandemic, and lease expirations give the corporate flexibility to downsize its retail footprint.

Nearly 11,000 fashion-related stores are closing, but the total retail doors has surpassed 14,494 when including other retail categories.

Zara’s mum or dad Inditex is closing 1,200 doorways over a two-year interval.


Number: 1,200, or as much as 600 shops yearly in 2020 and 2021

Backstory: After reporting its first-ever quarterly loss in Q1, the Zara proprietor is specializing in retailer optimization as it really works to combine its retailer and on-line enterprise. It’s additionally taking a better give attention to its provide chain to zero in on stock administration, and its utilizing present retailer networ to assist with the  achievement of on-line orders.

G-III Apparel Group Ltd.

Number: 199, comprised of 110 Wilson’s shops and 89 G.H. Bass places

Backstory: The firm restructured its retail operations after deciding to give attention to its wholesale operation and its DKNY and Karl Lagerfeld Paris companies.

Tuesday Morning

Number: 230

Backstory: The firm filed for chapter court docket safety in May, and shuttered 230 places. It plans exit Chapter 11 earlier than the top of the yr with 500 shops nonetheless in operation.

J.C. Penney

Number: 175

Backstory: The mass service provider closed six department shops earlier than it filed its Chapter 11 petition after which closed 154 throughout its tour of chapter court docket. It not too long ago exited chapter proceedings when the working enterprise was bought to its two largest landlords, Simon Property Group and Brookfield Asset Management. On Dec. 17, the corporate confirmed the extra closure of 15 extra doorways.

J. Crew

Number: 67

Backstory: The preppy chain, together with its Madewell idea, filed a chapter petition in May. While it plans to reopen practically 500 doorways after short-term COVID-19 shutdowns, the retailer is trying to get out of 67 retailer leases over time. It already closed eight shops throughout its tour of chapter proceedings.

Diane von Furstenberg

Number: 18

Backstory: The style model is closing 18 of its shops, leaving only one open in New York City’s Meatpacking District. The model is refocusing its enterprise to an e-commerce mannequin within the U.S. and Europe, and can proceed with wholesale operations in China. The DVF Studio division within the U.Ok. in May filed for administration, the equal of a Chapter 11 chapter petition within the U.S.


Number: 19, comprised of 16 full-line doorways and all 3 Jeffrey shops

Backstory: The retailer is restructuring its enterprise following the affect from the coronavirus, with the closures “based on the needs of each market.” The firm has additionally been lowering bills by restructuring areas, help roles and its company group.

Victoria’s Secret

Number: 250 places throughout the U.S. and Canada, together with 238 within the U.S.

Backstory: L Brands is restructuring the model after Sycamore Partners backed out of a deal to accumulate a 55 % majority stake within the lingerie chain.

Stage Stores Inc.

Number: 738

Backstory:  A chapter in May had the corporate liquidating 550 reopened shops. The retailer, which plans to liquidate its remaining shops as they can reopen, was in the course of changing its department shops to its off-price nameplate Gordmans. The firm can be within the means of promoting its property.

Lord & Taylor

Number: 40

Backstory: The retailer initially closed two places earlier within the yr, however rumblings in April indicated that might be bother forward following a discount in headcount. Lord & Taylor, and its mum or dad Le Tote, subsequently filed for chapter in August and the preliminary plan was to liquidate 19 shops as the corporate tried to discover a purchaser for America’s first division retailer. It later upped the variety of doorways to shut to 24, hoping to maintain 14 in operation. Failing to discover a purchaser, a call was made to liquidate and shutter all doorways.

Nearly 11,000 fashion-related stores are closing, but the total retail doors has surpassed 14,494 when including other retail categories.

Another 142 shops might shut in a liquidation if final minute rescue makes an attempt come to naught.


Number: 61, together with 11 in Ireland

Backstory: After closing 22 shops at first of the yr, the retailer declared insolvency in April, representing its second tour of insolvency in a single yr. It has liquidated all 11 doorways in Ireland,  and one other 28 places within the U.Ok. have been closed.

However, the corporate did not discover a purchaser and is slated to close down its remaining 142 shops within the U.Ok. Whether that truly occurs is unclear. Mike Ashley‘s Frasers Group is in final minute talks to rescue the bankrupt division retailer chain. This week, phrase surfaced that American model administration agency Authentic Brands Group can be in talks to probably take over the ailing chain.

Cath Kidston

Number: 60

Backstory: Another early sufferer of the coronavirus, this British style and homeware model shut down all 60 shops within the U.Ok. Its Japanese counterpart additionally filed for chapter safety shortly thereafter.

Galeria Karstadt Kaufhof

Number: 40

Backstory: Germany’s largest division retailer retailer filed for administrative insolvency, a sufferer of the Covid pandemic following obligatory retailer closures to assist curb the virus. The firm, which operated 172 shops on the time it filed, exited insolvency proceedings on Sept. 30.

Oasis and Warehouse

Number: 92 freestanding shops and 400 concessions

Backstory: Another early sufferer of the coronavirus, the U.Ok. excessive style manufacturers fell into administration. Hilco Capital agreed to a deal to purchase its mental property property, however two months later the IP and associated property have been bought to Boohoo.

Laura Ashley

Number: 18

Backstory: The British way of life model filed for administration within the U.Ok. in mid-March. In April, sure property together with the model’s mental property have been acquired by Gordon Brothers, which is exploring the chain’s choices.


Number: 56

Backstory: Esprit stated it could shut all of its shops in Asia outdoors of China. The whole retailer depend for the shops in Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan, plus Hong Kong and Macau, is 56.

Neiman Marcus

Number: 28

Backstory: The luxurious division retailer stated in March that it’ll shut 20 of its 22 off-price Last Call ideas. It will maintain two to maneuver stock from the full-price shops. Neiman’s subsequently filed for chapter court docket safety and closed about eight doorways, together with its large N.Y.C. flagship that opened in Hudson Yards in Manhattan in March 2019.

Modell’s Sporting Goods

Number: 153

Backstory: The firm closed some shops after which filed a petition for Chapter 11 chapter court docket safety in March, solely to close down because of the pandemic. In June, the remaining 107 shops reopened to start going-out-of enterprise gross sales.

Nearly 11,000 fashion-related stores are closing, but the total retail doors has surpassed 14,494 when including other retail categories.

The residence decor chain has liquidated, closing 936 retailer places.

Pier I Imports

Number: 936

Backstory: The residence furnishings retailer filed for Chapter 11 chapter court docket safety and ended up liquidating when it couldn’t discover a going-concern purchaser. It initially deliberate to shut 450 shops earlier than submitting for chapter, however then the coronavirus pandemic hit, so shops have been placed on pause as nonessential retailers briefly closed to assist curb the unfold of the virus. But Covid additionally impacted its skill to discover a purchaser, and the retailer determined to conduct a winding down of operations.


Number: 51

Backstory: The retailer, a nameplate working beneath the umbrella of company mum or dad Transform Holdco, stated in November 2019 that it was closing 51 shops in February.


Number: 45

Backstory: The discounter is a part of the company holding of Transform Holdco, which stated in November 2019 that it could shutter 45 places in February.

Macy’s Inc.

Number: 125

Backstory: The retailer closures are a part of a routine assessment of the Macy’s brick-and-mortar base. Another 95 ,and probably even a whole bunch, are anticipated to shut.

Walmart Inc.

Number: 3

Backstory: The mass discounter has closed three shops, one in Michigan and two in North Carolina.


Number: 100

Backstory: About 31 shops are already closed and it plans one other 35 by the top of January. The firm’s fleet rationalization contains the 9 doorways closed in 2019. Another 25 doorways might shut in 2022, bringing the full quantity to 100 places.

Opening Ceremony

Number: 4

Backstory: Acquired in mid-January by streetwear platform New Guards Group, the label will domesticate its model as an alternative of working as a multibrand retailer.


Number: 23

Backstory: The U.Ok. division retailer declared insolvency in January. A month later, it shuttered 12 of its 23 places. However, the chain couldn’t discover a purchaser and the coronavirus outbreak pressured the remaining 11 places closed.


Number: 1

Backstory: The retailer closed its retailer at The Falls, a mall in south Miami-Dade, in January after 35 years in operation.

Christopher & Banks

Number: 40

Backstory: The firm stated final yr that it plans to shutter as much as 40 doorways in 2020, a part of a renewed give attention to e-commerce. The firm is now in search of strategic alternate options as their is doubt as to its viability as a going concern.

Olympia Sports

Number: 76

Backstory: The struggling athletic footwear and attire chain was bought to sports activities retailer JackRabbit final yr, which elected to maintain simply 75 Olympia Sports retailer places open. That meant that the steadiness of 76 shops will shut this yr.

Forever 21

Number: 207 shops globally, together with 101 places within the U.S.

Backstory: The mall-based fast-fashion chain filed its Chapter 11 petition in September 2019. It had initially deliberate to shutter 350 shops globally, together with 178 doorways within the U.S. At the time, the chain had 549 U.S. shops and 251 abroad. Most of these places have been slated to shut in 2020, following the vacation season that ended Feb. 2. The firm was acquired for $81 million in February by a three way partnership comprised of Authentic Brands Group and Simon Property Group–every proudly owning 37.5 % of the mental property and working enterprise–and Brookfield Property Partners, which has a 25 % stake within the IP and working firm. The new homeowners stated they plan to save lots of about 450 doorways that stay open.

Destination Maternity

Number: 90

Backstory:  The maternity put on retailer filed a Chapter 11 petition in October 2019 and was slated to shutter 183 of its 436 doorways. It was subsequently acquired by model administration agency Marquee Brands in December for $50 million. Part of that transaction included the closure of the retailer’s remaining 235 shops between January and March.